Pregnant women receiving pregnancy consultations: women followed by a physician from the first trimester of their pregnancy for a minimum of four consultations.

Births attended by trained personnel: births attended by physicians, nurses, midwives, trained primary health care workers, or trained traditional birth attendants.

Public expenditure on health: Consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and non-governmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. The data on public expenditure on health presented in the TransMonEE database are World Health Organization estimates (see http://www.who.int/nha/country/en/).