History and evolution Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE) is a research programme that was initiated and managed by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre after the fall of the Berlin wall to systematically monitor indicators of child well-being as well as their economic and social determinants in the transition economies. UNICEF was already concerned about the impact of the “Lost Decade” of the 1980s on children, which was characterised by the debt crisis and was followed by structural adjustments in many developing countries. Fretting the additional consequences of the unprecedented social transformation in the transition economies for children, UNICEF started a research programme called “Impact of Transition”, later TransMonEE. The programme evolved over years and as the national averages started to bounce back towards their pre-transition periods, the focus has gradually shifted more towards the most disadvantaged children who are usually invisible in statistics. Therefore, in an attempt to affect the policies and programmes on children. what was initiated as a programme to monitor transition (Transition Monitoring in Eastern Europe) has become a programme to monitor the situation of children who face inequities in realization of their rights enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity).

The programme was transferred to the UNICEF Regional Office for Central and Eastern Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States (ECA) in 2007 with the aim of strengthening those research-policy work linkages.

Learn more about the history and evolution of TransMonEE from one of the founders, Professor Giovanni Andrea, who was then the Chief of Socio-economic Policy at UNICEF.

Coverage and methodology

The TransMonEE data represent a particularly useful tool for governments, civil society organizations, donors and academia in considering their decisions, policies, programmes and agendas. The database is updated every year thanks to the collaboration of National Statistical Offices (NSOs) and collaboration with other international databases. Each year country-specific data collection templates are shared with the NSOs, filled in and submitted by the countries by end-September with the data for the previous year. The TransMonEE database coordinator at the UNICEF regional office for ECA then follows up with the countries for clarifications and additional information. The data are brought together, indicators calculated and checked again for consistency before being disseminated in May of the following year.

The countries that are currently part of the initiative are:

The Database contains over 500 social and economic indicators divided into ten topics:

  • Population
  • Fertility
  • Mortality
  • Health
  • Education
  • Child Protection
  • Juvenile Justice and Crime
  • Social Protection
  • Child-wellbeing
  • Economy

Data generally cover the period from 1989 up to now. Disaggregated data for many indicators are available since 2005. As with any cross-national statistical database, concepts and measures may differ across countries despite all the efforts to standardise indicator definitions. Therefore, users are strongly encouraged to consult the notes on specific data. Moreover, due to the different data sources for some indicators, the data presented in the TransMonEE database may diverge from those presented in other UNICEF publications and databases.